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Mission Fig

Ficus carica 'Mission'

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Mission Fig (Ficus carica 'Mission') at Echter's Nursery & Garden Center

Ficus carica 'Mission' fruit

Ficus carica 'Mission' fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Mission Fig (Ficus carica 'Mission') at Echter's Nursery & Garden Center

Ficus carica 'Mission' foliage

Ficus carica 'Mission' foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  25 feet

Spread:  25 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  7a

Description:

An attractive deciduous garden tree producing especially sweet purplish-black fruit in late summer; attracts birds; prune in late winter to maintain size and shape

Edible Qualities

Mission Fig is a medium-sized tree that is typically grown for its edible qualities, although it does have ornamental merits as well. It produces plum purple fruit (technically 'pomes') which are usually ready for picking from mid summer to mid fall. The fruits have a sweet taste.

The fruit are most often used in the following ways:

  • Fresh Eating
  • Cooking
  • Preserves

Features & Attributes

Mission Fig has attractive dark green foliage with chartreuse veins throughout the season. The lobed leaves are highly ornamental but do not develop any appreciable fall color. The flowers are not ornamentally significant. The fruits are showy plum purple pomes carried in abundance in late summer. The fruit can be messy if allowed to drop on the lawn or walkways, and may require occasional clean-up.

This is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting birds to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Aside from its primary use as an edible, Mission Fig is sutiable for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade
  • Hedges/Screening
  • General Garden Use
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

Mission Fig will grow to be about 25 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 25 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.

This tree is quite ornamental as well as edible, and is as much at home in a landscape or flower garden as it is in a designated edibles garden. It does best in full sun to partial shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America.

Mission Fig is a good choice for the edible garden, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. Because of its height, it is often used as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. Note that when grown in a container, it may not perform exactly as indicated on the tag - this is to be expected. Also note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden. Be aware that in our climate, this plant may be too tender to survive the winter if left outdoors in a container. Contact our store for more information on how to protect it over the winter months.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Accent  Shade  Screening  Garden  Container 
Applications
Fruit  Foliage Color  Winter Value  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features

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