Pinus mugo var. pumilio
(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)
Height: 7 feet
Spread: 9 feet
Hardiness Zone: 2b
Other Names: Mugho Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine
A naturally dwarf version of the species maintaining a dense, compact habit of growth; slow growing, rugged and hardy, excellent for form, texture and color detail in home gardens, can be kept quite small with judicious pruning; needs full sun
Dwarf Mugo Pine has emerald green foliage. The needles remain emerald green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant.
Dwarf Mugo Pine is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.
This is a relatively low maintenance shrub. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.
Dwarf Mugo Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;
Planting & Growing
Dwarf Mugo Pine will grow to be about 7 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 9 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.
This shrub should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America.